7th Chords on Piano


7th chords on piano are often the first group of 4 note chords people learn. Seventh chords are quite common and you'll find them everywhere. So they're definitely a chord family to learn!

Here you'll find:

  • 7th chord explanation
  • How to easily find & play any 7th chord
  • 7th chord chart for piano
  • theory behind the 7th chord

7th Piano Chords Video Lesson: 

7th Chords Explainer

(What are these chords)

7th chords or seventh chords are a 4 note piano chord. 

A 7th chord has the root note (which can include a sharp or flat) and a 7. That's it. For example: C7, C#7, Bb7. 

Note: this chord is different than a 7th chord that has a m or M - or any other additional letters or symbols. This one only has the 7.

What Does the 7 Mean?

(The Chord Theory)

Chords are built on major scales. When you have a 7th chord, you start on the first note of the scale and count up 7 notes. This 7th note that you land on is a note in this chord. 

However, with a 7th chord, you need to lower that note a semi-tone (go to the next note to the left, whether black or white).

7th Chord Theory

How Do You Find The 7th Note of a Chord?

In music theory, the way to find this 7th note of a chord is to count up to that 7th note in whatever major scale the chord is in. Then you need to lower that note. For example, F# becomes F or B becomes Bb. 

You need to be aware of the key signature when doing this. (There's another way to work this out also I'll explain below.)

Chord Formula for 7th Chords

All chords have a formula and the 7th chord is no different.

7th Chord Formula: 1 3 5 b7.

This chord is made up partly of the major chord (which is the 1st, 3rd and 5th notes of a major scale) and then the second part which is the 7th. 

We've added in the 7th note there but also something else. The "b" - a flat. When you see this, it means to lower the note a semi-tone. So b7 means lowered 7th.

The Easy Pattern You Can Use 

Here is an easy pattern you can use to find a 7th chord. 

1. Play the major chord. 

2. Skip 2 semi-tones. 

3. Play the next semi-tone. This is the 7th note. 

This will work on any 7th chord starting on any note. 

Easy Way to Find 7th Chords

What Are 7th Chords Used For?

Seventh chords pop up all over the place. They are used to create more interest and make a song go beyond the basic major and minor chords. 

One of the main places to find a 7th chord is near the end on a piece of music - especially if it's a classical piece. It's often the chord that comes right before the final chord of the song.

You'll also find this in modern and pop songs. 

It is a foundational chord for both blue and jazz.

7th Piano Chords Chart

All 7th Chords:

C7 = C E G Bb

C#7 - C# E# G# B

Db7 = Db F Ab Cb

D7 = D F# A C

Eb7 = Eb G Bb Db

E7 = E G# B D

F7 = F A C Eb

F#7 = F# A# C# E

Gb7 = Gb Bb Db Fb

G7 = G B D F

G#7 = G# B# D# F#

Ab7 = Ab C Eb Gb

A7 = A C# E G

Bb7 = Bb D F Ab

B7 = B D# F# A

How To Practice Making 7th Chords:

If you can read music, go to the major scales page and practice making chords based off of the scales written there. 

If you don't read music all that well, you can practice this using the pattern outlined above. Play a major chord and then find the 7th note to add in to it. 

You can check all your chords with the free Ultimate Chord Cheat Sheet below. 

Free Download:

Ultimate Chord Cheat Sheet

Ultimate Chord Cheat Sheet

Subscribe below and get free access to the (printable) Ultimate Chord Cheat Sheet.

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    Free Download:

    Ultimate Chord Cheat Sheet

    Ultimate Chord Cheat Sheet

    Subscribe below and get free access to the (printable) Ultimate Chord Cheat Sheet.

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