The F7 piano chord is a great chord to know and understand. It can come up often in beginner and intermediate chord sheets and especially in jazz piano.
Below you'll learn:
And as F7 comes up in jazz, I will include a few variations on this chord below that might seem more obscure but I know people are searching for. They include:
Understanding these chords will help you to also understand chord theory and how chords are made.
The F7 piano chord notes are: F A C Eb.
F7 is a seventh chord and one way to remember the notes of this chord is to play the F chord and then add Eb on top.
Here is the F7 piano chord on the treble clef and piano keys:
Another way to remember all 7th chords is to do this:
This video will show you how to play F7 chord on piano and what F7 sounds like.
You can use the same fingers for the F7 chord that you use for all seventh chords in root position.
In your right hand, use fingers 1, 2, 4, 5. That's everything but your middle finger.
In your left hand, use fingers 5, 4, 2, 1. Again that's everything but your middle finger.
As F7 is often used in jazz piano, I find there are a few common chords people are trying to understand that base themselves in the F7 chord.
The F7sus, F7sus4 or Fsus7 chord is a suspended seventh chord. This chord can be written a few different ways but it's the same thing.
The F7sus4 is the Fsus chord - F Bb C - with the 7th added on top - Eb.
So that means the F7sus4 piano chord notes are F Bb C Eb.
The F7/C is a slash chord. The note that comes after the / is the one that should be played as the bass note. So in the case of F7/C, C is your bass note in the left hand. C is the note that should be played the lowest.
That means that if you are playing the F7 chord in your left hand, you'll need to play it as an inversion so that C is the lowest note. If you mainly play bass notes in your left hand and keep the chord to your right hand, just play C instead of F as your lowest note in the left hand.
F7/Eb is another type of slash chord and when you see this, it means to play Eb as your lowest note in your left hand. Eb is you bass note. All the other notes of the F7 chord should come above this.
As with F7/C, you may need to play an inversion if playing this chord in your left hand so that you keep Eb as your lowest note.
Before we get into the other chord variations, it's very useful to understand how an F7 chord is made in terms of theory.
One very good way to understand chords is off of the chord formula and the major scale. You can apply any chord formula to a major scale.
The chord formula for a 7th chord is: 1, 3, 5, b7.
What this means is that we use the 1st, 3rd, 5th and lowered 7th notes of the major scale to make a seventh chord.
If you look at the scale below, you can apply the chord formula for 7th chords to the F major scale (and so make the F7 chord).
1 = F
3 = A
5 = C
7 = E and then we lower that by one semi-tone to Eb. (That's why we write b7).
So we can lower notes and raise notes in chords. Lowered notes are indicated by a flat sign (b) and raised notes are indicated with a sharp sign (#). Each one moves by one semi-tone so that's the very next note, white or black. That's up for # or down for b.
Now that you understand raising and lowering notes and the chord formula for the F7 chord, you can perhaps work out the #5.
If you think back to the formula, 5 indicates the 5th note of the F major scale and a sharp means we raise that note. So C becomes C#.
That means the notes of the F7#5 chord are F A C# Eb.
The F7#9 chord is a little different because you wouldn't think there are 9 notes in the scale. But what you do is just keep counting up
1 = F
3 = A
5 = C
b7 = Eb
9 = G so #9 is G#
That is a lot of notes! When you play it, you may consider leaving out A as G# is very close and might sound clashing. You may want this sound or you may not but if you're struggling to figure out which to leave out, that's one idea and C is another one.
The notes of the F7#9 piano chord are: F A C Eb G#.
And just a note here that the same thing applies for the F7#11 chord. You keep counting up the scale until you hit the 11th note which would be Bb and raise that to B.
That means the notes of the F7#11 chord are: F A C Eb B.
If you would like to continue working out some 7th, 7#5 or 7#9 chords to really learn this, you can use the major scales page to do that. Here's what you can do:
Playing inversions can be really useful for 7th chords. If you haven't played inversions before, I'd recommend starting with the F major chord inversions here.
The inversions for F7 are:
Root position: F A C Eb
1st Inversion: A C Eb F
2nd Inversion: C Eb F A
3rd Inversion: Eb F A C
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