Here I’ve a got a piano notes chart for a couple of different things. There’s a chart for notes in the treble clef, notes in the bass clef, and a chart of the types of notes you’ll see on the clefs. If you need more information on how to read the notes, check out read piano notes.
If you are in the beginning stages of learning piano, one of the key things that is really important is making sure you know which notes are what on the piano.
Here are the names of the notes on the piano keys. (You can also get a complete explanation here on the piano key notes page.)
Below you can find all the piano notes charts needed for reading music. The first thing you need to know is the letter names that go on the lines and spaces of the bass clef and treble clef.
Every note on the piano matches a note on the bass and treble clefs. Note all notes on the piano are on the 5 lines and 4 spaces though. There are ways to notate going beyond that but at this point, what is important for you is to map it out.
Middle C, often the first note used when teaching piano, is not on the lines and spaces. But the E on the lowest line of the treble clef is 2 notes above middle C.
Here is now things map out.
Treble Clef Spaces
Treble Clef Lines
Bass Clef Spaces
Bass Clef Lines
In music, you need to know where to play the note and also how long to hold the note. There are names of types of notes that you'll see below, like a whole note which gets 4 beats.
A whole note (or any other note) can be placed on any line or space in the piano note charts above.
For example, a whole note on B in the treble clef means you hold B for 4 beats.
Whole notes get held for 4 beats.
Half notes get held for 2 beats.
Quarter notes get held for 1 beat.
One eighth note gets half of one beat in 4/4 time. Two eighth notes are equal to one beat.
Eighth notes can be written differently depending on their context. If they are surrounded by other 8th notes, they will generally have a line connecting them on the top or bottom. (As above.)
One 8th note, written by itself, will have a flag as seen below. They are the same note. The note below gets half a beat.
One sixteenth note is equal to a quarter of a beat in 4/4 time. If that is hard to absorb, you can think of it this way, four 16th notes are equal to one beat.
Two or more sixteenth notes written together are generally joined together but a double line at the top (or bottom if reversed) of the stem. (As above).
If a sixteenth note is written by itself, it will have 2 flags as seen below.
Use the following as an easy to reference guide.
Whole Notes: 1 note = 4 beats.
Half Notes: 1 note = 2 beats.
Quarter Notes: 1 note = 1 beat.
8th Notes: 1 note = 1/2 a beat
16th Notes: 1 note = 1/4 of a beat
These games we created will help you learn the notes easily.
How about this rhythm quiz. See more free music rhythm games and quizzes.
If you’d like a diagram of which piano keys go with which notes, go to piano diagrams. That’s it for the charts!
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