I get quite a few questions here at Piano Lessons Info and one main one is about piano chord inversions!
Here we will got over piano chord inversions covering:
These information is geared towards beginners, those transitioning for playing basic chords to different positions and those who need a bit of help with their inversions.
Piano chord inversions are basically a structured form you can learn to play chords in. They are different but standard positions.
When you first start learning chords, you learn them in root position. (Most people anyway.)
For example, with the C chord, we first learn it in the order of the notes C E and G.
When we invert the chord, we basically take the note on the bottom and put it on the top.
We have names for the different inversions as well.
Root position: C E G
1st Inversion: E G C (Note: C is taken from the bottom and put on top)
2nd inversion: G C E (Note: E is taken from the bottom and put on top)
There are a few good reasons for learning and practicing piano chord inversions.
1. It builds muscle memory. Learning chords in different positions helps you to easily find these while playing chords. It can make your playing smoother and easier.
2. It helps you to know the notes of a chord. Once you know the notes of a chord quite well, you can start playing them in different places on the piano. This opens you up creatively, allowing you to experiment more because you've got a foundation - you know the notes of the chords.
3. It will improve your ability to play chords. Playing inversions helps to get you out of the box of playing chords in the same spot every time. This is an important skill to practice and improve upon.
There are a few good and common ways to practice chord inversions.
In classical piano, this is usually referred to as learning triads.
Playing a chord solid means to play all of the notes of the chord at the same time. This is probably how you have been playing them already.
To practice them, do the following:
After you've got this down go back down (left) again: 2nd inversion, 1st inversion, root. (Refer to video above if this is confusing. It's easier to understand once shown.)
Playing the chords broken means to play them one note at a time.
For example, we play the C chord broken in root position by playing C then E then G.
Practicing broken chords in inversions probably sounds the nicest and is especially helpful for playing chords in the left hand.
You can follow the process above in the solid chord section for playing broken chords. The difference is, you eventually want to be able to switch to the next inversion without breaking the rhythm.
For example, you want to play (C in root) C - E - G - (1st) E - G - C - (2nd) G - C - E - (root) C - E - G.
Again, watch the video to really understand this one.
There are standard fingerings for piano chord inversions. It's good to get in the habit of using these - it'll come in really useful later on! (This is one habit I harp on in my in-person lessons.)
Right hand fingering:
Root Position: 1 3 5 (thumb, middle finger, pinkie)
1st inversion: 1 2 5 (this is the important one to remember)
2nd inversion: 1 3 5
Left hand fingering:
Root: 5 3 1 (pinkie, middle finger, thumb)
1st inversion: 5 3 1
2nd inversion: 5 2 1 (this is the important one to remember)
You can start practicing chord inversions by playing them in chord progressions. This is one thing that makes chord progressions go smoother and easier.
You can start this by choosing 2 chords. For example, C and G.
These chords have a note in common which is G. (C = CEG, G = GBD.)
So when you are playing a C chord and moving to G, you can keep your finger on the G key and then work the other notes around this.
C E G moves to B D G (G chord in first inversions). In the video, I talk about this as a I - V (1 to 5) chord progression to practice.
We can also do this with C to F. They have note in common as well. C. C E G moves to C F A (F chord in second inversion). This is another common move. (In the video, I talk about this as a I-IV or 1 - 4 chord progression.)
The whole point of this is to minimize movement so that you can play your chords easier and with fewer mistakes.
You want to:
This is all about finding short cuts and using notes close by. Inversions help us to do this. We're minimizing hand movements.
Let me also point out that this does take time. It takes time to become familiar with the notes of a chord and the different inversions. The more you practice them in warm-ups or as part of your practicing routine, the faster this will come to you.
When I was first thrown into the deep end of having to play chords for other people and with other instruments, it took me a while (I'd say 1 year) to really feel comfortable with playing inverted chords. But it eventually did come and now I don't even think about it.