It's not too difficult to memorize key signatures. The way I memorized
them was by using
sayings. With key signatures, there are 3 things you need
1. The order of the sharps and flats
2. The order of the keys (and how many sharps or flats they have)
3. Where to put them on the staff
Order of Sharps and Flats
First is the order of sharps. You can memorize the order of sharps with
this saying: Father
Charles Goes Down And Ends Battle. The first letter of
each word stands for a sharp.
To memorize the order of the flats you can make up a saying if you want. What I do is remember that the first 4 spell a word: BEAD. After that I remember that the ones that follow are GCF.
If you have trouble remembering the last 3, remember that the next flat is always 4 notes higher than the last one.
Order of the Keys
Next in trying to memorize key signatures is memorizing the order of
keys. You know that the key of C has no sharps or flats. From this key
you can figure out the order of the rest.
First the sharps. You can memorize the order of the sharps by counting up 5 notes from the last one. For example, the key with one sharp is G. You can find it by going C-D-E-F-G. The next one is is D - 5 notes up from G. You may have heard this being called the "Circle of 5ths."
To memorize the key signatures with flats in them, you can count up 4 notes. There is also another way. The key of F has only one flat - Bb. The key with 2 flats is Bb. Bb has 2 flats, Bb and Eb and so the next key in the order is Eb. Whatever the last flat is, it's the next key in the order.
Where To Put Them on the Staff
The final part of trying to memorize key signatures is where to put
them on the staff. It's not very hard. For the sharps in the treble
clef, you start on the top
line of the staff. Follow the pattern of up - down
- up - down. The only exception is A. It should look like this:
Those are my tips to help you to memorize key signatures. If you need
to know anymore about key signatures, try going back and checking out
the main key
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